Standing on Tianamen Square at a speech that Mao Zedong proclaimed the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949, current President Xi Jinping praised the "Chinese dream" - his grand vision of restoring the country's former glory.
"There is no force that can shake the foundations of this great nation," Mao Zedong said in Xi Jinping Tiananmen Square, dressed in a plainclothes uniform, alongside his predecessors Hu Jintao and Jiang Zemin, and other party leaders.
"No force can stop the Chinese people and the Chinese state from moving forward," said China's most powerful leader after the Mao. Then Xi stepped in an open-topped car and drove past 15,000 soldiers and about 580 warplanes. The parade was attended by about 160 aircraft, including the state-of-the-art J-20 anti-theft fighters.
The celebrations began with the symbolic salute of 70 cannons on Tiananmen Square and the hoisting of the national flag.
The Beijing authorities closed you down, banned kites from flying and shut the doors of bars for an event marking the journey of a war-torn country to the world's second largest economy.
At the sight of Xi Jinping, soldiers marched on parade steps, rolled up tanks and other military equipment, and flew through planes and helicopters, forming the image of "70" in the air.
For the first time, the Chinese armed forces showed three brand new weapons a DF-41 intercontinental ballistic missile with a carrying capacity of a nuclear warhead, a DF-17 hyperplane launcher and a high-altitude ultra-fast reconnaissance drone, according to Xinhua.
Xi Jinping reiterated in a speech earlier in the day that China must adhere to the Hong Kong SAR principle of "one country, two systems" and maintain the long-term prosperity and stability of a semi-autonomous city.
The Chinese president also called for peaceful relations with de facto independent Taiwan, which Beijing regards as a province awaiting reunification, but said China would continue to fight for full reunification.
Taiwan seceded from China in 1949 after the end of the civil war, which means that it was never ruled by the Chinese Communist Party. In his speech, Xi said that the complete reunification of the motherland was an inevitable trend that no single force could stop.
The military parade was followed by a procession of 100,000 civilians, demonstrating China's greatest achievements, and launching 70,000 pigeons and the same number of balloons. The crowd also wore enormous portraits of Red Chinese leaders, ranging from Mao to Xi. In the evening, there will be a number of performances and fireworks on Tiananmen.
Although Xi is the country's most influential leader after the Mao, a number of challenges test the current president's ability to maintain economic and political stability. "The party hopes that the event will increase its legitimacy and support for internal and external challenges," said Adam Ni, a researcher at Macquarie University in Sydney.
Trade talks with the United States are dragging on, and as a result of the outbreak of swine fever, the price of the most popular pork has started to rise sharply. But the biggest headache is Hong Kong, where pro-democracy protesters are trying to draw the world's attention from Beijing to the restriction of their freedoms.
Hong Kong police are waiting for violence across the city. Authorities warn that protesting is very, very dangerous, but masked protesters responded that faced with tyranny, one must fight as if it were their last battle.
Authorities tightened security controls ahead of the anniversary and announced the closure of more than twenty metro stations. The police also carried out random checks on people in the streets and on public transport.
Military officials were stationed across the city and protesters took to the streets. "Stand beside Hong Kong, fight for freedom!" Cried protesters marching.
Local officials, however, watched the flag-raising ceremony behind closed doors.
"Xi's words on Hong Kong certainly do not appease anyone, but show the boundaries within which Beijing wants to act towards Hong Kong in the future, despite its increasing interference in local affairs," Jean-Pierre Cabestan, a political science professor at Hong Kong Baptist University.
The Chinese Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong has been protesting against the erosion of rights for the past 17 weeks. This is the largest wave of protests since the region was handed over from the United Kingdom to China in 1997.
Under the principle of "one country, two systems", Hong Kong will enjoy until 2047 certain freedoms that the people of mainland China do not enjoy.
中国在北京举行阅兵庆祝70周年 - 毛泽东 - 习近平 - 中华人民共和国 - 中国人民解放军